Observational studies

2015 – Sletten and Kessler
Sletten and Kessler. QRS abnormalities of the fetal electrocardiogram, and their implications for ST-interval analysis during labor. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Oct;94(10):1128-35. doi: 10.1111/aogs.12709.

2015 – Becker et al.
Becker et al. The added predictive value of biphasic events in ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram for intrapartum fetal monitoring. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Feb;94(2):175-82. doi: 10.1111/aogs.12548.

2014 – Kessler et al.
Kessler et al. Intrapartum monitoring with cardiotocography and ST wave form analysis in breech position: an observational study. BJOG 2014. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12989

2013 – Kessler et al.
Kessler et al. Delay in intervention increases neonatal morbidity in births monitored with cardiotocography and ST-waveform analysis. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2013 Nov 19. doi: 10.1111/aogs.12304. Epub ahead of print.

2013 – Kessler et al.
Kessler et al. Intrapartum monitoring of high‐risk deliveries with ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram: an observational study of 6010 deliveries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.2013;92:75–84

2012 – Berakdar et al.
Berakdar et al. What about ST waveform analysis signal quality in the second stage of labor? A case‐control study. J Perinat Med Pages 1–4, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: 10.1515/jpm- 2012-0083, July 2012

2012 – Nurani et al.
Nurani et al. Misidentification of maternal heart rate as fetal on cardiotocography (CTG) during the second stage of labor: the role of the fetal ECG. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 Aug 11. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01511.x. Epub ahead of print.

2012 – Massoud et al.
Massoud et al. How deviations from Stan guidelines contribute to operative delivery for suspected fetal distress. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012 May; 162(1):45-9.

2012 – Becker et al.
Becker et al. Is intrapartum fever associated with ST-waveform changes of the fetal electrocardiogram? A retrospective cohort study.

2012 – Becker et al.
Becker et al. Predictive value of the baseline T-QRS ratio of the fetal electrocardiogram in intrapartum fetal monitoring: a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.

2011 – Doret et al.
Doret et al. Use of peripartum ST analysis of fetal electorcariodgram without blood sampling: a large prospective cohort study. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011;156:35-40.

2011 – Valverde et al.
Valverde et al. Effectiveness of pulse oximetry versus fetal electrocardiography for the intrapartum evaluation of nonreassuring fetal heart rate. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011;159:333-7.

2011 – Becker et al.
Becker et al. Intrapartum epidural analgesia and ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2011; 90:1364–70.

2010 – Parisaei et al.
Parisaei et al. Acceptability of the fetal electrocardiographic (STAN) monitoring system by staff at a high risk maternity unit. J Perinat Med. 2010 Mar;38(2):187-90.

2010 – Norén and Carlsson
Norén and Carlsson Reduced prevalence of metabolic acidosis at birth: an analysis of established STAN usage in the total population of deliveries in a Swedish district hospital. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010;202:546.e1-7.

2010 – Ragupathy et al.
Ragupathy et al. The use of STAN monitoring in the labour ward. Obstet Gynaecol. 2010;30(5): 465-9.

2010 – Rzepka et al.
Rzepka et al. Clinical Outcomes of High-risk Labours Monitored Using Fetal Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2010;39:27-32.

2009 – Westerhuis et al.
Westerhuis et al. Inter- and intra-observer agreement of intrapartum ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram in women monitored with STAN. BJOG. 2009;116:545–51.

2009 – Costa et al.
Costa et al. Prediction of neonatal acidemia by computer analysis of fetal heart rate and ST event signals. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;201:464.e1-6.

2009- Vayssièr et al.
Vayssièr et al. Inter-observer agreement in clinical decision-making for abnormal cardiotocogram (CTG) during labour: a comparison between CTG and CTG plus STAN. BJOG.

2008 – Kale et al.
Kale et al. Effect of availability of fetal ECG monitoring on operative deliveries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87: 1189-93.

2008 – Melin et al.
Melin et al. Changes in the ST-interval segment of the fetal electrocardiogram in relation to acid-base status at birth. BJOG. 2008;115:1669–75.

2008 – Ojala et al.
Ojala et al. Interobserver agreement in the assessment of intrapartum automated fetal electrocardiography in singleton pregnancies. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87(5):536-40.

2008 – Rault et al.
Rault et al. Assessment of STAN S21 fetal heart monitor by medical staff. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;102(1):8-11.

2008 – Stuart et al.
Stuart et al. Fetal electrocardiographic monitoring during labor in relation to cord blood levels of the brain-injury marker protein S-100. J Perinat Med. 2008;36:136–41.

2008 – Yli et al.
Yli et al. Intrapartum fetal ECG and diabetes. J Matern Fetal Neonat Med.2008;21(4): 231–38.

2007 – Massoud et al.
Massoud et al. Fetal electrocardiotocography in labor and neonatal outcome: An observational study in 1889 patients in the French center of Edouard Herriot, Lyon. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007;20(11),819-24.

2007 – Norén et al.
Norén et al. Fetal scalp and ST analysis as an adjunct to cardiotocography to predict fetal acidosis in labor J Perinat Med. 2007;35(5):408-14.

2007 – Vayssiere et al.
Vayssiere et al. Fetal electrocardiogram ST-segment analysis and prediction of neonatal acidosis. Int J Gynaecol Obstet.2007 May;97(2):110-4. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

2007 – Welin et al.
Welin et al. STAN, a clincal audit: the outcome of 2 years of regular use in the city of Varberg, Sweden Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86(7):827-32.

2007 – Siira et al.
Siira et al. Change in the heart rate variability in relation to a significant ST-event associated with newborn metabolic acidois. BJOG. 2007;114(7):819-23.

2007 – Doria et al.
Doria et al. Review of the first 1502 cases of ECGST waveform analysis during labour in a teaching hospital. BJOG. 2007;114(10):1202-7.

2006 – Devoe et al.
Devoe et al. United States multicenter clinical usage study of the STAN 21 electronic fetal monitoring system. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;195: 729–34.

2006 – Norén et al.
Norén et al. STAN in clinical practice – The outcome of 2 years of regular use in the city of Gothenburg. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;195:7-15. Editor’s choice.

2005 – Amer-Wahlin et al.
Amer-Wahlin et al. Fetal heart rate patterns and ECG ST segment changes preceding metabolic acidaemia at birth. BJOG. 2005 Feb;112(2):160-5

2004 – Hajek et al.
Hajek et al. Analysis of current methods of diagnosing intrapartum fetal hypoxia. Archives Perinat Med. 2004;10(4), 7-10.

2004 – Kwee et al.
Kwee et al. STAN S21 fetal heart monitor for fetal surveillance during labor: an observational study in 637 patients. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004;15(6):400–7

2004 – Luttkus et al.
Luttkus et al. Fetal scalp pH and ST analysis of the fetal ECG as an adjunct to CTG. A multi-centre, observational study. J Perinat Med. 2004;32(6):486-94.

2004 – Ross et al.
Ross et al. ST-segment analysis of the fetal ECG improves fetal heart rate tracing interpretation and clinical decision making. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004;15(3):181-5.

2002 – Amer-Wahlin et al.
Amer-Wahlin et al. ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram during labour: Nordic observational multicentre study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2002;12:260-6.

 

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