2019- Kjellmer et al.
Kjellmer I, Lindecrantz K, Rose´n KG (2019) ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram – Comments on recent experimental data. PLoS ONE 14(8): e0221210. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221210

2019 – Amer-Wåhlin et al.
Amer-Wåhlin I, Ugwumadu A, Yli BM, Kwee A, Timonen S, Cole V, Ayres-de-Campos D, Roth GE, Schwarz C, Ramenghi LA, Todros T, Ehlinger V, Vayssiere C; Study Group of Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring (European Association of Perinatal Medicine). Fetal electrocardiography ST analysis for intrapartum monitoring: a critical appraisal of conflicting evidence and a way forward. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Apr 10. pii: S0002-9378(19)30532-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.04.003. (Epub ahead of print)

2019 – Landman et al.
Landman et al. Significant reduction in umbilical artery metabolic acidosis after implementation of intrapartumST waveform analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Feb 28. pii: S0002-9378(19)30428-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.049. (Epub ahead of print)

2018 – Olofsson, Norén, Carlsson and Rosén
Olofsson et al. Identifying newborns with umbilical cord blood metabolic acidosis by intrapartum cardiotography combined with fetal ECG ST analysis (STAN): comparison of the new and old FIGO systems to classify cardiotocograms. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2018 Jun 26:1-11. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1494148

2018 – Rosén, Norén and Carlsson
Rosén et al. FHR patterns that become significant in connection with ST waveform changes and metabolic acidosis at birth. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med.2018 Apr 5:1-11. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1462326

2017 – Bryson et al.
Bryson et al. A pilot exploratory investigation on pregnant women’s views regarding STan fetal monitoring technology. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 Dec 29;17(1):446. doi: 10.1186/s12884-017-1598-8.

2017 – Olofsson et al.
Olofsson et al. New FIGO and Swedish intrapartum cardiotocography classification systems incorporated in the fetal ECG ST analysis (STAN) interpretation algorithm: agreements and discrepancies in cardiotocography classification and evaluation of significant ST events. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2017 Dec 7. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13277. (Epub ahead of print)

2017 – Chandraharan
Chandraharan STAN a friend or a foe? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Jan 23:1-8. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2016.1276559.

2016 – Visser and Kwee
Visser and Kwee. Cardiotocography alone is outdated and ST analysis is the way forward in fetal monitoring: FOR: Does the use of ST analysis in conjunction with cardiotocography improve perinatal outcome and/or reduce interventions for fetal distress? BJOG. 2016 Sep;123(10):1636. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.14158.

2016 – Xodo
Xodo et al. (2016) Why STAN might not be dead. . J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Oct 13:1-10. (Epub ahead of print)

2016 – Turnbull et al.
Tamara L Turnbull, Ben Willem J. Mol MD, PhD, Geoff Matthews, Chris Wilkinson, Edwin Chandraharan & Sabrina Kuah (2016): Does ST analysis have a place in electronic fetal monitoring?, The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, DOI:10.1080/14767058.2016.1181169

2015 – Pinas and Chandraharan.
Pinas and Chandraharan. Continuous cardiotocography during labour: Analysis, classification and management. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2015 Jun 25. pii: S1521-6934(15)00100-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2015.03.022. (Epub ahead of print)

2014 – Visser and Kessler.
Visser and Kessler. It is time to introduce ST analysis for fetal monitoring in the labor ward. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2014; 93:539-543.

2012 – Yli et al.
Yli et al. What is the gold standard for intrapartum fetal monitoring? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 Jun 4. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01475.x. Epub ahead of print 2012 Yli et al AOGS(2)

2011 – Langhoff-Roos and Geirsson
Langhoff-Roos and Geirsson A hot topic revisited. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2011;90:933–4.

2010 – Chandraharan
Chandraharan STAN: An introduction to its use, limitations and caveats. ObsGyn Midwifery Prod News 2010.

2007 – Westerhius et al.
Westerhius et al. Limitations of ST analysis in clinical practice: three cases of metabolic acidosis BJOG. 2007;114(10):1194-201.

2007 – Amer-Wåhlin et al.
Amer-Wåhlin et al. Fetal ECG – ST waveform analysis in intrapartum surveillance BJOG 2007;114:1191-93.

2007 – Gyselaers et al.
Gyselaers et al. STAN-recorded intrapartum loss of beat-to-beat variations associated with a prolonged QT-interval: Indicative for fetal hypocalcemia? J Mat Fetal Neonat Med 2007;20(1):69-73

2007 – Rosén et al.
Rosén et al. Assessment of the fetal bioprofile during labor by the fetal ECG analysis Expert Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2007;2(5):609-20.

# #